Journal article

Review of the application of risk-adjusted charts to analyse mortality outcomes in critical care.

David A Cook, Graeme Duke, Graeme K Hart, David Pilcher, Daniel Mullany

Crit Care Resusc | Published : 2008


This review describes the methods for displaying riskadjusted mortality data for critical care units. Two applications are considered. The comparison within a cohort of risk-adjusted mortality performance uses standardised mortality ratios (SMRs), league tables, caterpillar plots and funnel plots. Monitoring of riskadjusted performance over time is considered using SMRs, risk-adjusted p (RAP), observed minus expected outcome (VLAD), risk-adjusted cumulative sum (RACUSUM), riskadjusted sequential probability ratio test (RASPRT), and riskadjusted exponentially weighted moving average (RAEWMA) charts. Examples of the charts are provided, and calculation of the statistics and design of the chart..

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