Journal article

Education, socio-economic status and age-related macular degeneration in asians: the Singapore Malay Eye Study

P Cackett, WT Tay, T Aung, JJ Wang, A Shankar, SM Saw, P Mitchell, TY Wong

BRITISH JOURNAL OF OPHTHALMOLOGY | B M J PUBLISHING GROUP | Published : 2008

Abstract

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Low socio-economic status is increasingly being identified as a risk marker for chronic diseases, but few studies have investigated the link between socio-economic factors and age-related macular degeneration (AMD). The present study aimed to assess the association between socio-economic status and the prevalence of AMD. METHODS: A population-based cross-sectional study of 3280 (78.7% response rate) Malay adults aged 40-80 years residing in 15 south-western districts of Singapore. AMD was graded from retinal photographs at a central reading centre using the modified Wisconsin AMD scale. Early and late AMD signs were graded from retinal photographs following the Wisconsin gra..

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Grants

Awarded by National Medical Research Council (NMRC)


Awarded by Biomedical Research Council (BMRC)


Awarded by Singapore Tissue Network


Funding Acknowledgements

This study was funded by Funded by the National Medical Research Council (NMRC), 0796/2003 & the Biomedical Research Council (BMRC), 501/1/25- 5, with support from the Singapore Prospective Study Program and the Singapore Tissue Network, A*STAR.