Journal article

Prevalence and risk factors for refractive errors in the Singapore Malay eye survey

Seang-Mei Saw, Yiong-Huak Chan, Wan-Ling Wong, Anoop Shankar, Mya Sandar, Tin Aung, Donald TH Tan, Paul Mitchell, Tien Yin Wong



PURPOSE: To describe the prevalence and risk factors for myopia and other refractive errors in an urban Malay population in Singapore. DESIGN: Population-based, cross-sectional study. PARTICIPANTS: Persons of Malay ethnicity, between 40 and 80 years of age, living in Singapore. METHODS: Refractive error was determined by subjective refraction and if unavailable by autorefraction. Data were analyzed for 2974 adults without previous cataract surgery and who had right eye refraction data. Risk factor data, such as education levels and near work activity, were obtained from a face-to-face interview. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Myopia, defined as spherical equivalent (SE) refraction less than -0.5 dio..

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Awarded by National Medical Research Council

Awarded by Biomedical Research Council

Funding Acknowledgements

Supported by the National Medical Research Council Grants No 0796/2003 and Biomedical Research Council Grant No 501/1/25-5. Additional support was provided by the Singapore Tissue Network. The funding organization had no role in the design or conduct of this research.