Journal article

Evolution of the CDKN1C-KCNQ1 imprinted domain

Eleanor I Ager, Andrew J Pask, Helen M Gehring, Geoff Shaw, Marilyn B Renfree

BMC EVOLUTIONARY BIOLOGY | BMC | Published : 2008

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Genomic imprinting occurs in both marsupial and eutherian mammals. The CDKN1C and IGF2 genes are both imprinted and syntenic in the mouse and human, but in marsupials only IGF2 is imprinted. This study examines the evolution of features that, in eutherians, regulate CDKN1C imprinting. RESULTS: Despite the absence of imprinting, CDKN1C protein was present in the tammar wallaby placenta. Genomic analysis of the tammar region confirmed that CDKN1C is syntenic with IGF2. However, there are fewer LTR and DNA elements in the region and in intron 9 of KCNQ1. In addition there are fewer LINEs in the tammar compared with human and mouse. While the CpG island in intron 10 of KCNQ1 and prom..

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