Journal article

A randomized controlled trial of exposure therapy and cognitive restructuring for posttraumatic stress disorder

Richard A Bryant, Michelle L Moulds, Rachel M Guthrie, Suzanne T Dang, Julie Mastrodomenico, Reginald DV Nixon, Kim L Felmingham, Sally Hopwood, Mark Creamer

JOURNAL OF CONSULTING AND CLINICAL PSYCHOLOGY | AMER PSYCHOLOGICAL ASSOC | Published : 2008

Abstract

Previous studies have reported that adding cognitive restructuring (CR) to exposure therapy does not enhance treatment gains in posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). This study investigated the extent to which CR would augment treatment response when provided with exposure therapy. The authors randomly allocated 118 civilian trauma survivors with PTSD to receive 8 individually administered sessions of either (a) imaginal exposure (IE), (b) in vivo exposure (IVE), (c) IE combined with IVE (IE/IVE), or (d) IE/IVE combined with CR (IE/IVE/CR). There were fewer patients with PTSD in the IE/IVE/CR (31%) condition than the IE (75%), IVE (69%), and IE/IVE (63%) conditions at a 6-month follow-up ass..

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