Journal article

Early nasal continuous positive airway pressure and low threshold for intubation in very preterm infants

Arjan B te Pas, Vivian M Spaans, Monique Rijken, Colin J Morley, Frans J Walther

ACTA PAEDIATRICA | WILEY | Published : 2008

Abstract

AIM: To determine if selective intubation, use of early nasal continuous positive airway pressure (NCPAP) at birth with a low threshold for early surfactant treatment, reduces the need for intubation in very preterm infants in the first days after birth. METHODS: Two cohorts of very preterm infants or = 0.40 was used as criterion for intubation. Primary outcome measure was intubation < 72 h of age. Bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) was a secondary outcome. RESULTS: The rate of intubation in the delivery room (69% vs. 46%, p < 0.001) and within 72 h of age (73% vs. 57%, p < 0.001) was lower following the change in policy. Early NCPAP was, in 2003-2004, increasingly used as primary treatment (..

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