Journal article

Prevalence and Risk Factors for Diabetic Retinopathy The Singapore Malay Eye Study

Tien Y Wong, Ning Cheung, Wan Ting Tay, Jie Jin Wang, Tin Aung, Seang Mei Saw, Su Chi Lim, E Shyong Tai, Paul Mitchell

OPHTHALMOLOGY | ELSEVIER SCIENCE INC | Published : 2008

Abstract

PURPOSE: To describe the prevalence and risk factors of diabetic retinopathy in Asian Malays. DESIGN: Population-based cross-sectional study. PARTICIPANTS: Persons with diabetes of Malay ethnicity aged 40 to 80 years in Singapore. METHODS: Diabetes mellitus was defined as random glucose of 11.1 mmol/l or more, use of diabetic medication, or a physician diagnosis of diabetes. Retinal photographs taken from both eyes were graded for diabetic retinopathy using the modified Airlie House classification system. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Any diabetic retinopathy, retinopathy grades, macular edema, or vision-threatening retinopathy. RESULTS: Of the 3261 persons who participated in this study, 757 (23.1..

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