Journal article

A Multisite Study of Initial Respiration Rate and Heart Rate as Predictors of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder

Richard A Bryant, Mark Creamer, Meaghan O'Donnell, Derrick Silove, Alexander C McFarlane

JOURNAL OF CLINICAL PSYCHIATRY | PHYSICIANS POSTGRADUATE PRESS | Published : 2008

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: Fear-conditioning models posit that increased arousal at the time of trauma predicts subsequent posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). This multisite study evaluated the extent to which acute heart rate and respiration rate predict subsequent chronic PTSD. METHOD: Traumatically injured patients admitted to 4 hospitals across Australia between April 2004 and February 2006 were initially assessed during hospital admission (N = 1105) and were reassessed 3 months later for PTSD by using the Clinician-Administered PTSD Scale-IV and for major depressive disorder (MDD) by using the Mini-International Neuropsychiatric Interview (English version 5.0.0) (N = 955). Heart rate, respiration rat..

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Grants

Awarded by National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC)


Awarded by Victorian Trauma Foundation


Awarded by NHMRC Australian Clinical Research


Funding Acknowledgements

This study was supported by a National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC) Grant 300403 (Drs. Bryant, Creamer, McFarlane, and Silove), a Victorian Trauma Foundation grant #V-11 (Dr. O'Donnell), and an NHMRC Australian Clinical Research Fellowship 359284 (Dr. O'Donnell).