Going up in smoke: Tobacco smoking is associated with worse treatment outcomes in mania
Michael Berk, Felicity Ng, Wei V Wang, Mauricio Tohen, Dan I Lubman, Eduard Vieta, Seetal Dodd
JOURNAL OF AFFECTIVE DISORDERS | ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV | Published : 2008
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to compare the treatment responses between smokers and non-smokers in bipolar mania clinical trials. METHODS: Post-hoc analysis was conducted on data collected from three double-blind, randomised controlled trials in bipolar mania that had similar inclusion criteria. Patients were randomised to olanzapine (N=70) or placebo (N=69) for 3 weeks in Trial 1, olanzapine (N=234) or haloperidol (N=216) for 12 weeks in Trial 2, and olanzapine (N=125) or divalproex (N=126) for 47 weeks in Trial 3. This study analysed the Young Mania Rating Scale (YMRS) total scores and Clinical Global Impressions scale for bipolar disorder (CGI-BP) mania severity scores between smokers and..View full abstract
We thank Lilly Research Laboratories for their data and statistical support.