Journal article

Molecular characterization of a novel fastidious mycobacterium causing lepromatous lesions of the skin, subcutis, cornea, and conjunctiva of cats living in Victoria, Australia

JA Fyfe, C McCowan, CR O'Brien, M Globan, C Birch, P Revill, VRD Barrs, J Wayne, MS Hughes, S Holloway, R Malik

JOURNAL OF CLINICAL MICROBIOLOGY | AMER SOC MICROBIOLOGY | Published : 2008

Abstract

Between 1999 and 2006, 15 cats were diagnosed with disease attributable to a novel mycobacterial species. The infections consisted of granulomatous lesions in the skin, subcutis, and ocular or periocular tissues with an indolent but progressive clinical course. Lesions typically were found in facial regions or on the distal limbs. Cats of all ages and both sexes were affected. Infections often were challenging to treat, although they could be cured using surgery in concert with combination antimicrobial therapy. Microscopically, lesions were granulomatous to pyogranulomatous and contained numerous acid-fast bacilli. Scanty cultures of the causal microorganisms occasionally could be obtained ..

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