Journal article

Early increase of Nox4 NADPH oxidase and superoxide generation following endothelin-1-induced stroke in conscious rats

Sarah K McCann, Gregory J Dusting, Carli L Roulston

JOURNAL OF NEUROSCIENCE RESEARCH | WILEY | Published : 2008

Abstract

Oxidative stress contributes to the progression of brain injury following ischemic stroke and reperfusion. NADPH oxidase is a well-established source of superoxide in vascular disease, but its contribution to tissue injury following ischemic stroke has yet to be fully elucidated. Here we show the spatiotemporal profile of NADPH oxidase subunits Nox2 and Nox4 and concurrent superoxide generation following stroke induced by middle cerebral artery constriction in conscious rats. Nox2 mRNA was progressively up-regulated in both the ipsilateral cortex and the striatum from 6 hr to 7 days poststroke and reperfusion. Nox4 mRNA was also up-regulated transiently in the cortex at 6 hr poststroke but r..

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