Journal article

Poverty is low consumption and low wealth, not just low income

Bruce Headey

SOCIAL INDICATORS RESEARCH | SPRINGER | Published : 2008

Abstract

The purpose of this paper is to suggest an improved measure of financial poverty, based on household consumption and wealth as well as income. Data come from the Household, Income and Labour Dynamics Australia (HILDA) Survey, which appears to be the first national socio-economic panel survey to provide longitudinal data on all three measures of household economic well-being. National measures of poverty in Australia and other Western countries are usually based only on low income. But this is conceptually incorrect; the measures lack validity. To be poor is to have a low material standard of living - involuntarily. So measures of poverty should also take account of household consumption and ..

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