Hydrodynamic boundary conditions and dynamic forces between bubbles and surfaces
Ofer Manor, Ivan U Vakarelski, Xiaosong Tang, Sean J O'Shea, Geoffrey W Stevens, Franz Grieser, Raymond R Dagastine, Derek YC Chan
PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS | AMER PHYSICAL SOC | Published : 2008
Dynamic forces between a 50 microm radius bubble driven towards and from a mica plate using an atomic force microscope in electrolyte and in surfactant exhibit different hydrodynamic boundary conditions at the bubble surface. In added surfactant, the forces are consistent with the no-slip boundary condition at the mica and bubble surfaces. With no surfactant, a new boundary condition that accounts for the transport of trace surface impurities explains variations of dynamic forces at different speeds and provides a direct connection between dynamic forces and surface transport effects at the air-water interface.