Journal article

Obstetric anal sphincter injury - Incidence, risk factors, and management

Thomas C Dudding, Carolynne J Vaizey, Michael A Kamm

ANNALS OF SURGERY | LIPPINCOTT WILLIAMS & WILKINS | Published : 2008

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Obstetric sphincter damage is the most common cause of fecal incontinence in women. This review aimed to survey the literature, and reach a consensus, on its incidence, risk factors, and management. METHOD: This systematic review identified relevant studies from the following sources: Medline, Cochrane database, cross referencing from identified articles, conference abstracts and proceedings, and guidelines published by the National Institute of Clinical Excellence (United Kingdom), Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists (United Kingdom), and American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists. RESULTS: A total of 451 articles and abstracts were reviewed. Ther..

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