Journal article

Sex differences in cardiac muscle responsiveness to Ca2 and L-type Ca2 channel modulation

Claire L Curl, Lea MD Delbridge, Igor R Wendt

EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF PHARMACOLOGY | ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV | Published : 2008

Abstract

This study investigated sex-related differences in rat papillary muscle force generation in response to altered extracellular [Ca2+] ([Ca2+](o), 0.2 to 5.0 mM) and to L-type Ca2+ channel modulators (nifedipine and Bay K8644). At all [Ca2+]o examined, contractile force was significantly greater in male than female papillary muscles. The [Ca2+]o required for 50% maximum force was significantly lower in male [0.34+/-0.06 mM] than female [0.61+/-0.10 mM] papillary muscles. Nifedipine decreased contractile force in papillary muscles of both sexes in a concentration-dependent manner, but the extent of the contractile depression was more marked in male papillary muscles at all nifedipine concentrat..

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