Journal article

Proapoptotic BH3-only protein bid is essential for death receptor-induced apoptosis of pancreatic beta-cells

Mark D McKenzie, Emma M Carrington, Thomas Kaufmann, Andreas Strasser, David CS Huang, Thomas WH Kay, Janette Allison, Helen E Thomas



OBJECTIVE: Apoptosis of pancreatic beta-cells is critical in both diabetes development and failure of islet transplantation. The role in these processes of pro- and antiapoptotic Bcl-2 family proteins, which regulate apoptosis by controlling mitochondrial integrity, remains poorly understood. We investigated the role of the BH3-only protein Bid and the multi-BH domain proapoptotic Bax and Bak, as well as prosurvival Bcl-2, in beta-cell apoptosis. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: We isolated islets from mice lacking Bid, Bax, or Bak and those overexpressing Bcl-2 and exposed them to Fas ligand, tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha, and proinflammatory cytokines or cytotoxic stimuli that activate the..

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