Journal article

Predator-specific camouflage in chameleons

Devi Stuart-Fox, Adnan Moussalli, Martin J Whiting

BIOLOGY LETTERS | ROYAL SOC | Published : 2008


A crucial problem for most animals is how to deal with multiple types of predator, which differ in their sensory capabilities and methods of prey detection. For animals capable of rapid colour change, one potential strategy is to change their appearance in relation to the threat posed by different predators. Here, we show that the dwarf chameleon, Bradypodion taeniabronchum, exhibits different colour responses to two predators that differ in their visual capabilities. Using a model of animal colour perception to gain a 'predator's eye view', we show that chameleons showed better background colour matching in response to birds than snakes, yet they appear significantly more camouflaged to the..

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University of Melbourne Researchers