Journal article

Protein targeting to the malaria parasite plastid

Christopher J Tonkin, Ming Kalanon, Geoffrey I McFadden

TRAFFIC | WILEY | Published : 2008


The relict plastid, or apicoplast, of the malaria parasite Plasmodium falciparum is an essential organelle and a promising drug target. Most apicoplast proteins are nuclear encoded and post-translationally targeted into the organelle using a bipartite N-terminal extension, consisting of a typical endomembrane signal peptide and a plant-like transit peptide. Apicoplast protein targeting commences through the parasite's secretory pathway. We review recent experimental evidence suggesting that the apicoplast resides in the mainstream endomembrane system proximal to the Golgi. Further, we explore possible mechanisms for translocation of nuclear-encoded apicoplast proteins across the four boundin..

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University of Melbourne Researchers