Journal article

New and old markers of progression of diabetic nephropathy

G Jerums, E Premaratne, S Panagiotopoulos, S Clarke, DA Power, RJ MacIsaac

DIABETES RESEARCH AND CLINICAL PRACTICE | ELSEVIER IRELAND LTD | Published : 2008

Abstract

The onset of diabetic nephropathy is characterised by a rise in albumin excretion rate (AER) and/or a transient rise in glomerular filtration rate (GFR) (hyperfiltration). Without intervention AER increases exponentially and there is a linear decrease in GFR after onset of overt nephropathy. In overt nephropathy, AER is a predictor of decline in GFR and the early AER response to antihypertensive therapy correlates with long-term decline in GFR. AER can be measured by immunoassay or by other techniques including HPLC. However, HPLC assays result in higher levels of AER in normal subjects compared with immunoassayable AER. Recent data suggest that there are distinct albuminuric and non-albumin..

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