Journal article

Propofol enhances both tonic and phasic inhibitory currents in second-order neurons of the solitary tract nucleus (NTS)

SJ McDougall, TW Bailey, D Mendelowitz, MC Andresen

Neuropharmacology | Elsevier BV | Published : 2008

Abstract

The anesthetic propofol is thought to induce rapid hypnotic sedation by facilitating a GABAergic tonic current in forebrain neurons. The depression of cardiovascular and respiratory regulation often observed during propofol suggests potential additional actions within the brainstem. Here we determined the impacts of propofol on both GABAergic and glutamatergic synaptic mechanisms in a class of solitary tract nucleus (NTS) neurons common to brainstem reflex pathways. In horizontal brainstem slices, we recorded from NTS neurons directly activated by solitary tract (ST) axons. We identified these second-order NTS neurons by time-invariant ("jitter" < 200 μs), "all-or-none" glutamatergic excitat..

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