Journal article

Increased elastic tissue defect formation in the growth restricted Brown Norway rat: A potential link between in utero condition and cardiovascular disease

Katie C Pascoe, Mary E Wlodek, Gregory T Jones

PEDIATRIC RESEARCH | INT PEDIATRIC RESEARCH FOUNDATION, INC | Published : 2008

Abstract

Low birth weight for gestational age has been epidemiologically linked to cardiovascular mortality and morbidity in adult life. This study aimed to determine whether in utero growth restriction influences an early feature of atherosclerotic pathology; disruption of the aortic internal elastic lamina (IEL) in the adult Brown Norway (BN) rat. In utero growth restriction was induced by bilateral uterine artery ligation on day 18 of gestation, thereby decreasing newborn BN pup weight by approximately 14%. Restriction surgery significantly increased aortic IEL defect number at 8 wk of age in both sexes compared with no surgery animals (p < 0.002). At 16 wk of age placental restriction surgery sig..

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