Journal article

Dioxin-like compounds in Australian sewage sludge - Review and national survey

Bradley Clarke, Nichola Porter, Robert Symons, Judy Blackbeard, Peter Ades, Philip Marriott

Chemosphere | PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD | Published : 2008

Abstract

An Australian survey of dioxin-like compounds in sewage sludge was conducted in two parts (a) a national survey, and (b) a time-study. All sewage sludge samples analysed as part of these studies had low overall concentrations of dioxin-like compounds. Out of 37 samples, all except one, were within the reported concentration range of soil within the Australian environment. The mean concentration of dioxin-like compounds in the Australian sewage sludge survey of 2006 was found to be 5.6 (s.d. 4.5) ng WHO(05) TEQkg(-1) (n=14) and were within the range of 1.2-15.3 ng WHO(05) TEQ kg(-1). All the Australian sewage sludge samples cited in these studies were below the Victorian EPA "investigation li..

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