Journal article

Gender differences in depression and anxiety across the adult lifespan: the role of psychosocial mediators

LS Leach, H Christensen, TD Windsor, P Butterworth, AJ Mackinnon

SOCIAL PSYCHIATRY AND PSYCHIATRIC EPIDEMIOLOGY | DR DIETRICH STEINKOPFF VERLAG | Published : 2008

Abstract

BACKGROUND: There is robust epidemiological and clinical evidence that a greater number of women than men experience depression and anxiety. This study investigated a number of socio-demographic, health and lifestyle, psychological and social factors as possible mediators for the gender difference in depression and anxiety in three cohorts (20-24, 40-44, 60-64). METHODS: Responses were from a representative, community based survey (n = 7,485) conducted in Canberra and Queanbeyan (NSW), in Australia. Depression and anxiety were measured using the self-report Goldberg Anxiety and Depression Scales. The analyses initially identified gender differences in the potential mediators, followed by uni..

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