Journal article

Hyperglycemia and adverse pregnancy outcomes.

undefined HAPO Study Cooperative Research Group, Boyd E Metzger, Lynn P Lowe, Alan R Dyer, Elisabeth R Trimble, Udom Chaovarindr, Donald R Coustan, David R Hadden, David R McCance, Moshe Hod, Harold David McIntyre, Jeremy JN Oats, Bengt Persson, Michael S Rogers, David A Sacks

New England Journal of Medicine | Published : 2008

Abstract

BACKGROUND: It is controversial whether maternal hyperglycemia less severe than that in diabetes mellitus is associated with increased risks of adverse pregnancy outcomes. METHODS: A total of 25,505 pregnant women at 15 centers in nine countries underwent 75-g oral glucose-tolerance testing at 24 to 32 weeks of gestation. Data remained blinded if the fasting plasma glucose level was 105 mg per deciliter (5.8 mmol per liter) or less and the 2-hour plasma glucose level was 200 mg per deciliter (11.1 mmol per liter) or less. Primary outcomes were birth weight above the 90th percentile for gestational age, primary cesarean delivery, clinically diagnosed neonatal hypoglycemia, and cord-blood seru..

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