Journal article

Implementing an oxygen programme in hospitals in Papua New Guinea

Sens Matai, David Peel, Francis Wandi, Merilyn Jonathan, Rami Subhi, Trevor Duke

ANNALS OF TROPICAL PAEDIATRICS | MANEY PUBLISHING | Published : 2008

Abstract

In Papua New Guinea (PNG), the most common cause of death among children under 5 years of age is pneumonia. Children with severe pneumonia need antibiotics and oxygen but oxygen shortages are common owing to the cost and complex logistics of transporting it in cylinders. Detection of hypoxaemia using clinical signs can be difficult, especially in highly pigmented children in whom cyanosis is difficult to recognise. Pulse oximetry is the most reliable, non-invasive way of detecting hypoxaemia. However, most hospitals in PNG do not have pulse oximetry. We proposed that the installation of a reliable, sufficient and cheap supply of oxygen in hospitals coupled with the use of pulse oximetry woul..

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