Journal article

Number words in young children's conceptual and procedural knowledge of addition, subtraction and inversion

Katherine H Canobi, Narelle E Bethune

COGNITION | ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV | Published : 2008

Abstract

Three studies addressed children's arithmetic. First, 50 3- to 5-year-olds judged physical demonstrations of addition, subtraction and inversion, with and without number words. Second, 20 3- to 4-year-olds made equivalence judgments of additions and subtractions. Third, 60 4- to 6-year-olds solved addition, subtraction and inversion problems that varied according to the inclusion of concrete referents and number words. The results indicate that number words play a different role in conceptual and procedural development. Children have strong addition and subtraction concepts before they can translate the physical effects of these operations into number words. However, using number words does ..

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