Gamma-hydroxybutyrate: A 30 month emergency department review
Venita L Munir, Jennie E Hutton, Jason P Harney, Penny Buykx, Tracey J Weiland, Andrew W Dent
EMERGENCY MEDICINE AUSTRALASIA | WILEY-BLACKWELL PUBLISHING, INC | Published : 2008
OBJECTIVES: To describe epidemiology, symptomatology, resource use and complications in patients attending the ED following gamma-hydroxybutyrate (GHB) ingestion. METHODS: Retrospective chart review of GHB-related emergency attendances over 30 months. RESULTS: One hundred and seventy emergency attendances attributed to GHB ingestion occurred. Monthly attendance rate doubled during the study, and was highest on public holidays and weekends between 04.00 and 08.00 hours. The majority (63%, 95% CI 55.7-70.3) were young men (median 22 years). GHB was ingested alone in 62 cases (36%, 95% CI 29.6-43.9). Poly-substance ingestion was common (108 cases; 64%; 95% CI 56.1-70.4). The commonest presentin..View full abstract
We acknowledge Stefan Cvetkovski from 'The surveillance of drug related events attended by ambulance in Melbourne project', a collaboration between Turning Point Alcohol and Drug Centre and MAS, for providing data on GHB-related ambulance transports between 2001 and 2005.