Journal article

Gene-Environment Interactions and Aging Visual Function A Classical Twin Study

Ruth E Hogg, Peter N Dimitrov, Mohamed Dirani, Mary Varsamidis, Matthew D Chamberlain, Paul N Baird, Robyn H Guymer, Algis J Vingrys



OBJECTIVE: To elucidate the contribution of environmental versus genetic factors to the significant losses in visual function associated with normal aging. DESIGN: A classical twin study. PARTICIPANTS: Forty-two twin pairs (21 monozygotic and 21 dizygotic; age 57-75 years) with normal visual acuity recruited through the Australian Twin Registry. METHODS: Cone function was evaluated by establishing absolute cone contrast thresholds to flicker (4 and 14 Hz) and isoluminant red and blue colors under steady state adaptation. Adaptation dynamics were determined for both cones and rods. Bootstrap resampling was used to return robust intrapair correlations for each parameter. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:..

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