Journal article

Ab initio procedure for aqueous-phase pKa calculation: The acidity of nitrous acid

Gabriel da Silva, Eric M Kennedy, Bogdan Z Dlugogorski

JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY A | AMER CHEMICAL SOC | Published : 2006

Abstract

We present an ab initio procedure for accurately calculating aqueous-phase pKa values and apply it to study the acidity of nitrous acid (HNO2, or HONO). The aqueous-phase pK(a) of nitrous acid was obtained from calculated gas-phase acidities and solvation free energies via a thermodynamic cycle and the solvation model chemistry of Barone et al. (J. Chem. Phys. 1997, 107, 3210). Solvation free energies were calculated at the HF/6-31G(d) level using the dielectric-polarizable continuum and the integral equation formalism-polarizable continuum solvent models (D-PCM and IEF-PCM, respectively), with the D-PCM model yielding the most accurate pKa values. For HF free energies of solvation, signific..

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