Journal article

Clozapine-induced cardiotoxicity: a clinical update

Jamie J Layland, Danny Liew, David L Prior

MEDICAL JOURNAL OF AUSTRALIA | AUSTRALASIAN MED PUBL CO LTD | Published : 2009

Abstract

Clozapine is a valuable drug for patients with treatment-resistant schizophrenia. Myocarditis is the most publicised cardiac complication of clozapine treatment, but cardiomyopathy and pericarditis have also been reported. Myocarditis has heterogeneous and non-specific presenting features, making it difficult to identify patients with clozapine-related myocarditis clinically. A high index of suspicion is required. The gold standard for diagnosis of myocarditis is an endomyocardial biopsy, but this is not a practical initial approach. Transthoracic echocardiography is a valuable, reproducible and widely available tool to assist in diagnosis of clozapine-induced cardiotoxicity. The level of B-..

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