Journal article

Identification of a conserved Plasmodium falciparum var gene implicated in malaria in pregnancy

JA Rowe, SA Kyes, SJ Rogerson, HA Babiker, A Raza

JOURNAL OF INFECTIOUS DISEASES | UNIV CHICAGO PRESS | Published : 2002

Abstract

The Plasmodium falciparum erythrocyte membrane protein 1 (PfEMP1) family is a highly polymorphic class of variant surface antigens encoded by var genes that play an important role in malaria pathogenesis. This report describes the unexpected finding that 1 of the var genes encoding a PfEMP1 variant that binds to the host receptor chondroitin sulfate A (CSA) and is implicated in malaria in pregnancy is well conserved among P. falciparum isolates worldwide. The N-terminal domains of this PfEMP1 variant are especially highly conserved, whereas the functional CSA binding domain is more variable. Analysis of var gene expression in placental parasites from primigravid women in Malawi did not suppo..

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University of Melbourne Researchers