Journal article

Porphyromonas gingivalis RgpA-Kgp Proteinase-Adhesin Complexes Penetrate Gingival Tissue and Induce Proinflammatory Cytokines or Apoptosis in a Concentration-Dependent Manner

Neil M O'Brien-Simpson, Rishi D Pathirana, Glenn D Walker, Eric C Reynolds

INFECTION AND IMMUNITY | AMER SOC MICROBIOLOGY | Published : 2009

Abstract

The RgpA-Kgp proteinase-adhesin complexes of Porphyromonas gingivalis were observed, using immunostaining, in human gingival tissue associated with periodontitis but not in healthy tissue. The staining pattern suggested a concentration gradient from the subgingival plaque into the subjacent gingival connective tissue. Intense immunostaining was observed in areas displaying gross disturbance of tissue architecture. P. gingivalis cells and the RgpA-Kgp complexes at low concentrations were shown to stimulate secretory intercellular adhesion molecule 1, interleukin-8 (IL-8), IL-6, and macrophage chemoattractant protein secretion from cultured human epithelial (KB) and fibroblast (MRC-5) cells. H..

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