Journal article

The MACPF/CDC family of pore-forming toxins

Carlos J Rosado, Stephanie Kondos, Tara E Bull, Michael J Kuiper, Ruby HP Law, Ashley M Buckle, Ilia Voskoboinik, Phillip I Bird, Joseph A Trapani, James C Whisstock, Michelle A Dunstone



Pore-forming toxins (PFTs) are commonly associated with bacterial pathogenesis. In eukaryotes, however, PFTs operate in the immune system or are deployed for attacking prey (e.g. venoms). This review focuses upon two families of globular protein PFTs: the cholesterol-dependent cytolysins (CDCs) and the membrane attack complex/perforin superfamily (MACPF). CDCs are produced by Gram-positive bacteria and lyse or permeabilize host cells or intracellular organelles during infection. In eukaryotes, MACPF proteins have both lytic and non-lytic roles and function in immunity, invasion and development. The structure and molecular mechanism of several CDCs are relatively well characterized. Pore form..

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