Journal article

Evolution of DC-SIGN use revealed by fitness studies of R5 HIV-I variants emerging during AIDS progression

Marie Borggren, Johanna Repits, Carlotta Kuylenstierna, Jasminka Sterjovski, Melissa J Churchill, Damian FJ Purcell, Anders Karlsson, Jan Albert, Paul R Gorry, Marianne Jansson

RETROVIROLOGY | BMC | Published : 2008

Abstract

BACKGROUND: At early stages of infection CCR5 is the predominant HIV-1 coreceptor, but in approximately 50% of those infected CXCR4-using viruses emerge with disease progression. This coreceptor switch is correlated with an accelerated progression. However, those that maintain virus exclusively restricted to CCR5 (R5) also develop AIDS. We have previously reported that R5 variants in these "non-switch virus" patients evolve during disease progression towards a more replicative phenotype exhibiting altered CCR5 coreceptor interactions. DC-SIGN is a C-type lectin expressed by dendritic cells that HIV-1 may bind and utilize for enhanced infection of T cells in trans. To further explore the evol..

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University of Melbourne Researchers