Journal article

PAK is essential for RAS-induced upregulation of cyclin D1 during the G(1) to S transition

T Nheu, H He, Y Hirokawa, F Walker, J Wood, H Maruta

CELL CYCLE | TAYLOR & FRANCIS INC | Published : 2004

Abstract

Oncogenic RAS mutants such as v-Ha-RAS induce cell cycling, in particular the G1 to S transition, by upregulating cyclin D1 and downregulating p27, an inhibitor for cyclin-dependent kinases (CDKs). PI-3 kinase appears to be involved in the regulation of both cyclin D1 and p27. In this report, using two distinct inhibitors specific for PAK1-3 (CEP-1347 and WR-PAK18), we present the first evidence indicating that the PIX/Rac/CDC42-dependent Ser/Thr kinases PAK1-3, acting downstream of PI-3 kinase and upstream of the Raf/MEK/ERKs kinase cascade, is essential for RAS-induced upregulation of cyclin D1, but not downregulation of p27. Since these PAK-inhibitors block selectively the malignant growt..

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University of Melbourne Researchers