Are there sex differences associated with the effects of ecstasy/3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA)?
Kelly Allott, Jennifer Redman
NEUROSCIENCE AND BIOBEHAVIORAL REVIEWS | PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD | Published : 2007
Sex has been identified as an important factor in moderating the effects of several drugs of abuse. Given the increasing popularity of ecstasy (3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine [MDMA]) use, it is important for researchers and clinicians to understand the factors that may influence its pharmacological actions to improve education, harm reduction and treatment efforts. This review focuses on preclinical and clinical research that examines the role of sex as an independent variable in the effects of ecstasy/MDMA. A systematic search of PsycINFO and MEDLINE electronic databases from 1966 to April 2006 was conducted. Both preclinical and clinical studies show a sexually dimorphic pattern in the ..View full abstract