Journal article

Estrogen deficiency leads to apoptosis in dopaminergic neurons in the medial preoptic area and arcuate nucleus of male mice

RA Hill, S Pompolo, MEE Jones, ER Simpson, WC Boon

MOLECULAR AND CELLULAR NEUROSCIENCE | ACADEMIC PRESS INC ELSEVIER SCIENCE | Published : 2004

Abstract

The aromatase knockout (ArKO) mouse is unable to synthesize estrogens. Immunohistochemical studies on active caspase-3 and tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) revealed apoptosis of dopaminergic neurons in the medial preoptic area (MPO) and arcuate nucleus (Arc) of the hypothalamus of 1-year-old (1yo) male ArKO mice while no active caspase-3 was detected in wild type (WT). Furthermore, the number of TH-positive cells in the MPO and caudal Arc was significantly decreased in 1yo ArKO compared to WT. RNase protection assays support the presence of apoptosis in 1yo ArKO hypothalamus, revealing an up-regulation of pro-apoptotic genes: FASL, FADD, and caspase-8. Concomitantly, the ratio of bcl-2-related anti..

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