Journal article

Substantial envelope-specific CD8 T-cell immunity fails to control siv disease

Viv Peut, Stephen J Kent

VIROLOGY | ACADEMIC PRESS INC ELSEVIER SCIENCE | Published : 2009

Abstract

It is unknown which HIV proteins to target by vaccination in order to generate the most effective CD8 T-cell immunity. We recently immunized SIV(mac251)-infected pigtail macaques with Gag peptides or a cocktail of peptides spanning all SIV proteins, including SIV Env. High-level SIV Env-specific CD8 T-cell responses were generated and 7 novel Env-specific CD8 T-cell epitopes in 10 animals were mapped. Env-specific CD8 T-cell responses were significantly inferior to Gag-specific responses, and no better than unvaccinated control animals, in the control of SIV replication and prevention of disease. Escape mutations emerged within several Env-specific CTL epitopes, suggesting at least some pres..

View full abstract

University of Melbourne Researchers