Journal article

The role of post-traumatic stress disorder and depression in predicting disability after injury

Meaghan L O'Donnell, Alexander C Holmes, Mark C Creamer, Steven Ellen, Rodney Judson, Alexander C McFarlane, Derrick M Silove, Richard A Bryant

MEDICAL JOURNAL OF AUSTRALIA | AUSTRALASIAN MED PUBL CO LTD | Published : 2009

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: To examine the relationship between psychological response to injury at 1 week and 3 months, and disability at 12 months. DESIGN: Multisite, longitudinal study. PARTICIPANTS AND SETTING: 802 adult patients admitted to trauma services at four Australian hospitals from 13 March 2004 to 21 February 2006 were assessed before discharge and followed up at 3 and 12 months. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: Disability, measured with the 12-item version of the World Health Organization Disability Assessment Schedule II. RESULTS: Logistic regression identified the degree to which high levels of depression and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) at 1 week and at 3 months predicted disability at 12 mo..

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Grants

Awarded by Victorian Trauma Foundation general


Awarded by Australian Clinical Research Fellowship


Awarded by NHMRC Program


Funding Acknowledgements

This study was supported by a Victorian Trauma Foundation general grant (V49), a National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC) Australian Clinical Research Fellowship (359284), and an NHMRC Program Grant (300304). We gratefully acknowledge all the participants in this study.