Journal article

Simulating particle agglomeration in the flash smelting reaction shaft

DR Higgins, NB Gray, MR Davidson

MINERALS ENGINEERING | PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD | Published : 2009

Abstract

A steady-state, axi-symmetric, numerical model was developed to investigate the agglomeration of molten particles of sulphide ore in the reaction shaft of a flash smelting process used for extracting copper. The turbulent, particle-laden, gas flow was simulated in conjunction with a population balance model to account for agglomeration. The agglomeration was found to depend primarily on the particle to gas mass loading ratio, and the particle size and turbulence intensity at the shaft inlet. Predictions compared well with the limited experimental data in the literature. Increasing the angle at which the flow enters the shaft from the burner was found to increase agglomeration up to a critica..

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University of Melbourne Researchers

Grants

Funding Acknowledgements

The first author wishes to thank Andrew Campbell, Nic Croft, Andrew Kyllo, and Melissa Trapani for helpful discussions. Financial support from an Australian Postgraduate Award (for DRH), BHP Billiton, and the University of Melbourne is gratefully acknowledged.