Journal article

Women and men with hip fractures have a longer femoral neck moment arm and greater impact load in a sideways fall

Q Wang, JW Teo, A Ghasem-Zadeh, E Seeman

OSTEOPOROSIS INTERNATIONAL | SPRINGER LONDON LTD | Published : 2009

Abstract

INTRODUCTION: In a case control study, we report that women and men with hip fractures have a longer moment arm of the force applied on the proximal femur during a sideways fall, a structural feature that may contribute to fracture risk. The impact load and its direction during a sideways fall onto the greater trochanter are partly determined by the geometry of the proximal femur. We hypothesized that the hip geometry in elderly with hip fractures produces a greater impact on the hip during a sideways fall. METHODS: We studied 41 female (77.2 +/- 9.9 years) and 22 male (76.2 +/- 12.1 years) patients with hip fractures and 40 female (85.7 +/- 6.0 years) and 17 male (84.3 +/- 10.1 years) contr..

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