Journal article

Psychosocial Precursors and Correlates of Differing Internalizing Trajectories from 3 to 15 Years

Primrose Letcher, Diana Smart, Ann Sanson, John W Toumbourou

SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT | WILEY | Published : 2009

Abstract

Psychosocial precursors and correlates of parent-reported internalizing behavior trajectories across the age span of 3-15 years were explored using a community-based cohort of Australian children. Six internalizing trajectories had previously been identified for both girls (N = 810) and boys (N = 874) in this sample, comprising stable low, high, decreasing, and increasing pathways. Infancy and toddler temperamental traits (inhibition/shyness, irritability), behavior problems, and parent-child relationship difficulties constituted significant risks for subsequent problematic internalizing profiles. Several gender-specific trends were evident, with temperamental reactivity and shyness, less op..

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