The implantable cardioverter-defibrillator lead: principles, progress, and promises.
Haris M Haqqani, Harry G Mond
Pacing Clin Electrophysiol | Published : 2009
The prognostic benefit of the implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) has been well established in multiple settings and its use is consequently widespread. Modern-day ICD systems use transvenous high-voltage leads to act as the interface between the heart and the generator, allowing for the sensing of a cardiac activity and the delivery of both bradycardia and tachycardia therapy, including high-voltage, high-current shocks. The ICD lead is in many ways the most fragile and critical component of the ICD system, and is subjected to more stress than any other implanted medical device. It has similar components to a pacing lead including tip and ring electrodes, fixation mechanism, conduc..View full abstract