Journal article

Diagnosis of Endotoxemia with Gram-Negative Bacteremia Is Bacterial Species Dependent: a Meta-Analysis of Clinical Studies

James C Hurley

JOURNAL OF CLINICAL MICROBIOLOGY | AMER SOC MICROBIOLOGY | Published : 2009

Abstract

Endotoxemia is undetectable for up to 60% of cases of bacteremia caused by gram-negative (GN) species, a discordance attributed to the limitations of the Limulus assay for endotoxemia. The lipid A structure of the endotoxin molecule is critical for the sensing of GN bacteria by the host immune system although not so for sensing by the Limulus assay. The lipid A structure of commensal Enterobacteriaceae is hexa-acyl, whereas non-Enterobacteriaceae have a broader range of structures. By using a previously published classification of lipid A structures (R. S. Munford, Infect. Immun. 76:454-465, 2008), the association of endotoxemia with bacteremia caused by GN organisms is reexamined for 580 GN..

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University of Melbourne Researchers