Journal article

Structural biology of carbohydrate xenoantigens

Elizabeth Yuriev, Mark Agostino, William Farrugia, Dale Christiansen, Mauro S Sandrin, Paul A Ramsland

EXPERT OPINION ON BIOLOGICAL THERAPY | TAYLOR & FRANCIS LTD | Published : 2009

Abstract

Transplantation of organs across species (xenotransplantation) is being considered to overcome the shortage of human donor organs. However, unmodified pig organs undergo an antibody-mediated hyperacute rejection that is brought about by the presence of natural antibodies to Galalpha(1,3)Gal, which is the major carbohydrate xenoantigen. Genetic modification of pig organs to remove most of the Galalpha(1,3)Gal epitopes has been achieved, but the human immune system may still recognize residual lipid-linked Galalpha(1,3)Gal carbohydrates, new (cryptic) carbohydrates or additional non-Galalpha(1,3)Gal carbohydrate xenoantigens. The structural basis for lectin and antibody recognition of Galalpha..

View full abstract