Journal article

Family Functioning Predicts Outcomes for Veterans in Treatment for Chronic Posttraumatic Stress Disorder

Lynette Evans, Sean Cowlishaw, Malcolm Hopwood

JOURNAL OF FAMILY PSYCHOLOGY | AMER PSYCHOLOGICAL ASSOC | Published : 2009

Abstract

A longitudinal framework was used to examine the competing hypotheses of (a) whether family functioning predicts changes in posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms or (b) whether PTSD symptoms predict changes in family functioning. Veterans (N = 311) admitted to a treatment program completed a series of questionnaires at 3 time points: at intake, from intake to completion of a treatment program, and at the 6-month follow-up. Alcohol use and general mental health symptoms were also measured at intake. A cross-lagged panel model using structural equation modeling analyses indicated that family functioning was a moderate predictor of PTSD symptoms at posttreatment and at the 6-month follo..

View full abstract