Journal article

Multiple Sclerosis in Childhood: Clinical and Radiological Features

Michael B Forrester, Lee Coleman, Andrew J Kornberg

JOURNAL OF CHILD NEUROLOGY | SAGE PUBLICATIONS INC | Published : 2009

Abstract

We analyzed the medical records and cerebral imaging of 30 children with early onset multiple sclerosis to compare the clinical and neuro-radiological features with acute demyelinating encephalomyelitis and adult multiple sclerosis. The female:male ratio was 1.3 before the age of 12 years and increased to 4.3 after age 12 years. Optic neuritis and pyramidal dysfunction were the most common presenting clinical features. The most common radiological features at first imaging were periventricular (77.2%), corpus callosal demyelination (63.6%), gadolinium enhancement (62.5%), and Dawson's fingers (40.9%). The median relapse rate per patient year was 1.2 ([IQR] 0.6-2.0). Seven patients reached a ..

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