Journal article

Modernisation Theory and Changes Over-Time in the Reproduction of Socioeconomic Inequalities in Australia

G MARKS

Social Forces | Oxford University Press | Published : 2009

Abstract

Modernization, theory argues that, as societies industrialize and further develop, the influence of social, background, and, other ascribed characteristics on, educational and, socioeconomic outcomes declines, while achievement in the education, system, becomes more important. 'The purpose of this research, is to investigate propositions derived from, modernization, theory as they apply to Australian, society during the second, half of the 20th century. Specifically, these are (1. declines in the influence of socioeconomic background on education, occupation, and, earnings; (2. increases in the occupational and economic returns to education; and, (3. decreases in, gender inequalities in all ..

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University of Melbourne Researchers