Journal article

Volumetric MRI study of the insular cortex in individuals with current and past major depression

Tsutomu Takahashi, Murat Yucel, Valentina Lorenzetti, Ryoichiro Tanino, Sarah Whittle, Michio Suzuki, Mark Walterfang, Christos Pantelis, Nicholas B Allen

JOURNAL OF AFFECTIVE DISORDERS | ELSEVIER | Published : 2010

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Functional neuroimaging studies have implicated the insular cortex in emotional processing, including the evaluation of one's own emotion, as well as in the neurobiology of major depressive disorder (MDD). Nevertheless, it remains largely unknown whether MDD patients exhibit morphologic changes of the insular cortex, and whether such changes reflect state or trait markers of the disorder. METHODS: We delineated the anterior and posterior insular cortices using magnetic resonance imaging in 29 currently depressed patients (mean age=32.5 years, 7 males), 27 remitted depressed patients (mean age=35.1 years, 9 males), and 33 age- and gender-matched healthy control subjects (mean age=..

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