Journal article

Activation of a prometastatic gene expression program in hypoxic neuroblastoma cells

Preamrudee Poomthavorn, Sheena HX Wong, Sandra Higgins, George A Werther, Vincenzo C Russo

ENDOCRINE-RELATED CANCER | BIOSCIENTIFICA LTD | Published : 2009

Abstract

The hypoxia inducible factor-1alpha (HIF1alpha) is a key regulator of oxygen homeostasis, modulating cell survival, and growth in cells exposed to hypoxia. In this study, neuroblastoma (NB) cells SH-SY5Y and SK-N-MC were employed to determine the mechanisms regulating adaptation to hypoxia. NB cells were cultured in a serum-free medium in the presence or absence of CoCl(2) (100 muM, hypoxia mimic) for up to 48 h. SH-SY5Y and SK-N-MC cell numbers were not affected by CoCl(2) treatment, while mitochondrial activity was reduced by approximately 50% in SH-SY5Y cells and by approximately 70% in SK-N-MC cells. Intracellular accumulation of HIF1alpha protein was detected as early as 30 min of post-..

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